ETHNOS AND GLOBALIZATION: Ethnocultural Mechanisms of Disintegration of Contemporary Nations. Monograph
A. D. Orlov
A. L. Safonov
This monograph is devoted to one of the main problems of globalization вЂ“ ethnocultural disintegration of society and the crisis of the contemporary nation. To explain the growth of ethnocultural differentiation in the context of globalization, an original concept of ethnos and nation genesis is proposed, in which the ethnos and the nation are viewed as different social communities in genesis, dynamics and functions, in which the individual participates simultaneously.
ETHNOS AND GLOBALIZATION: Ethnocultural Mechanisms of Disintegration of Contemporary Nations
A.В L. Safonov
A. D. Orlov
electronic version of the monograph:
Safonov A. L., Orlov A. D.
Ethnos and globalization: Ethnocultural mechanisms of disintegration
of contemporary nations // Andrey Leonidovich Safonov, Aleksandr Dmitriyevich
Orlov. вЂ“ Ekaterinburg: Ridero, 2018. вЂ“ 300 p.
Andrey Leonidovich Safonov, Dr. Sc.
Aleksandr Dmitr. Orlov, PhD.
Vladimir Svyatoslavovich Nikolsky, Dr. Sc.
Makhach Mustafayevich Vagabov, Dr. Sc.
Vadim Aleksandrovich Demin, Dr. Sc.
Translator Lidia Ashikhmina
Translator Irina Godovikova
В©В A. L. Safonov,В 2018
В©В A. D. Orlov,В 2018
В©В Lidia Ashikhmina, translation,В 2018
В©В Irina Godovikova, translation,В 2018
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They said toВ each other, вЂњCome, letвЂ™s make bricksВ and bake them thoroughly.вЂќ They used brick instead ofВ stone, and tarВ for mortar. Then they said, вЂњCome, letВ us build ourselves aВ city, with aВ tower that reaches toВ the heavens, so that we may make aВ nameВ for ourselves; otherwise we will be scatteredВ over the face ofВ the whole earth.вЂќ
But theВ LordВ came downВ toВ see the city and the tower the people were building. TheВ LordВ said, вЂњIf as one people speaking the same language they have begun toВ do this, then nothing they plan toВ do will be impossible for them. Come, letВ usВ go downВ and confuse their language so they will not understand each other.вЂќ
So theВ LordВ scattered them from there over all the earth, and they stopped building the city. That is why it was called BabelВ вЂ“ because there theВ LordВ confused the languageВ ofВ the whole world. From there theВ LordВ scatteredВ them over the face ofВ the whole earth.
В В В В (Genesis 11:В 1вЂ”9)
Most long-term forecasts ofВ global development at the end ofВ the twentieth century that were based on widely accepted scientific approaches and empirical patterns predicted the evolution ofВ globalization as the establishment ofВ aВ new global social community (aВ social entity) ofВ aВ supranational kind and the all-encompassing dominance ofВ cultural and political unification and convergence.
However, the current reality ofВ globalization demonstrates that aВ global social community is not being formed despite the establishment ofВ aВ global market, global digital (information) space, and manifold growth ofВ temporary and permanent migration. Furthermore, as economic and informational globalization is expanding, the fragmentation and differentiation ofВ cultures, civilizations, ethnicities and confessions, the вЂњethnicizationвЂ™ ofВ the collective consciousness, singling out ethnic identity as the leading one, is skyrocketing universally.
That means that, besides nation states and transnational corporations, global development entities (actors) are joined byВ an increasing number ofВ social entities ofВ aВ non-economic and non-state (non-political) nature, including ethnic communities (ethnoses).
Futurologists have had toВ face the unexpected: the growth ofВ divergent tendencies; the growing number ofВ actors participating inВ global processes; the revitalization and acceleration ofВ the influence ofВ ethnic and religious communities; the exacerbation of