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ETHNOS AND GLOBALIZATION: Ethnocultural Mechanisms of Disintegration of Contemporary Nations. Monograph

A. D. Orlov

A. L. Safonov

This monograph is devoted to one of the main problems of globalization – ethnocultural disintegration of society and the crisis of the contemporary nation. To explain the growth of ethnocultural differentiation in the context of globalization, an original concept of ethnos and nation genesis is proposed, in which the ethnos and the nation are viewed as different social communities in genesis, dynamics and functions, in which the individual participates simultaneously.

ETHNOS AND GLOBALIZATION: Ethnocultural Mechanisms of Disintegration of Contemporary Nations


A.В L. Safonov

A. D. Orlov

electronic version of the monograph:

Safonov A. L., Orlov A. D.

Ethnos and globalization: Ethnocultural mechanisms of disintegration

of contemporary nations // Andrey Leonidovich Safonov, Aleksandr Dmitriyevich

Orlov. – Ekaterinburg: Ridero, 2018. – 300 p.


Andrey Leonidovich Safonov, Dr. Sc.

Aleksandr Dmitr. Orlov, PhD.


Vladimir Svyatoslavovich Nikolsky, Dr. Sc.

Makhach Mustafayevich Vagabov, Dr. Sc.

Vadim Aleksandrovich Demin, Dr. Sc.

Translator Lidia Ashikhmina

Translator Irina Godovikova

© A. L. Safonov, 2018

© A. D. Orlov, 2018

© Lidia Ashikhmina, translation, 2018

© Irina Godovikova, translation, 2018

ISBNВ 978-5-4490-7095-1

Created with Ridero smart publishing system

They said to each other, “Come, let’s make bricks and bake them thoroughly.” They used brick instead of stone, and tar for mortar. Then they said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city, with a tower that reaches to the heavens, so that we may make a name for ourselves; otherwise we will be scattered over the face of the whole earth.”

But the Lord came down to see the city and the tower the people were building. The Lord said, “If as one people speaking the same language they have begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do will be impossible for them. Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other.”

So the Lord scattered them from there over all the earth, and they stopped building the city. That is why it was called Babel – because there the Lord confused the language of the whole world. From there the Lord scattered them over the face of the whole earth.

    (Genesis 11: 1—9)


Most long-term forecasts ofВ global development at the end ofВ the twentieth century that were based on widely accepted scientific approaches and empirical patterns predicted the evolution ofВ globalization as the establishment ofВ aВ new global social community (aВ social entity) ofВ aВ supranational kind and the all-encompassing dominance ofВ cultural and political unification and convergence.

However, the current reality of globalization demonstrates that a global social community is not being formed despite the establishment of a global market, global digital (information) space, and manifold growth of temporary and permanent migration. Furthermore, as economic and informational globalization is expanding, the fragmentation and differentiation of cultures, civilizations, ethnicities and confessions, the “ethnicization’ of the collective consciousness, singling out ethnic identity as the leading one, is skyrocketing universally.

That means that, besides nation states and transnational corporations, global development entities (actors) are joined byВ an increasing number ofВ social entities ofВ aВ non-economic and non-state (non-political) nature, including ethnic communities (ethnoses).

Futurologists have had toВ face the unexpected: the growth ofВ divergent tendencies; the growing number ofВ actors participating inВ global processes; the revitalization and acceleration ofВ the influence ofВ ethnic and religious communities; the exacerbation of